Interface SessionController

  • All Known Implementing Classes:
    ConcurrentSessionController, SessionControllerAdapter

    public interface SessionController
    Controls states and behaviour of one or multiple JDA instances.
    One instance of this should be used when sharding a bot account in order to keep track of session information between shards.

    The SessionControllerAdapter provides a default implementation that can be extended and overridden.

    States & Behaviour

    Identify Ratelimit Handling
    This will enable handling of (re-)connecting gateway sessions.

    Global REST Ratelimit
    The global REST ratelimit is not bound to a single session and should be handled on all JDA instances. This controller will receive updates of this ratelimit through setGlobalRatelimit(long) and should report the last ratelimit information it received through getGlobalRatelimit().

    Gateway Provider
    This provider can be used to change the gateway retrieval (using cache, http, or static) and allows to set a custom gateway endpoint. Use carefully.


    Using JDABuilder
     JDABuilder builder = JDABuilder.createDefault(BOT_TOKEN);
     builder.setSessionController(new SessionControllerAdapter() {
         public void appendSession(SessionConnectNode node) {
             System.out.println("[SessionController] Adding SessionConnectNode to Queue!");
     for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
         builder.useSharding(i, 10).build();

    Using ShardManager

     DefaultShardManagerBuilder builder = DefaultShardManagerBuilder.createDefault(BOT_TOKEN);
     builder.setSessionController(new SessionControllerAdapter() {
         public Pair<String, Integer> getGatewayBot(JDA api) {
             return Pair.of(getGateway(), 10);
    • Method Detail

      • setConcurrency

        default void setConcurrency​(int level)
        Apply the max_concurrency for this bot. This property is only useful for very large bots which get access to higher concurrency when starting their shards.

        Currently, there are 3 different levels of concurrency 1, 16, and 64. The concurrency means the bot can connect multiple shards at once without hitting the IDENTIFY rate-limit. This works by applying the concurrency level as a modulo operand to the shard id: shard_id % concurrency. We use one thread per bucket in this implementation.

        An implementation of this interface is not required to use this concurrency level. SessionControllerAdapter does not support this due to backwards compatibility.

        level - The concurrency level
        AssertionError - If the provided level is not a valid array length size
      • getGlobalRatelimit

        long getGlobalRatelimit()
        Provides the cross-session global REST ratelimit it received through setGlobalRatelimit(long).
        The current global REST ratelimit or -1 if unset
      • setGlobalRatelimit

        void setGlobalRatelimit​(long ratelimit)
        Called by the RateLimiter if the global rest ratelimit has changed.
        ratelimit - The new global ratelimit
      • getGateway

        String getGateway​(@Nonnull
                          JDA api)
        Called by a JDA session when a new gateway session starts (Connecting, Reconnecting).
        Should provide the gateway endpoint (wss) to connect to.
        api - The current JDA instance (used for RestActions and ShardInfo)
        The gateway endpoint